1. Patlangs newsletter Julie 2011 Afrikaans

    Sputum vir mikroskopie, kultuur en sensitiwiteit (MK&S) is een van die mees algemene ondersoeke wat die mikrobiologie laboratorium uitvoer. Dit is egter nie verrasend nie want lugweginfeksies is relatief algemeen en word dikwels gevind in die praktyk. Die uithoes (ekspektoreer) van sputum word nog altyd beskou as 'n logiese keuse vir die diagnose vir vanselfsprekende redes, omdat dit relatief maklik verkrygbaaris, nie indringend is nie, en sonder veel risiko vir die pasient is.

  2. Patlangs newsletter January 2012

    The scourge of HIV continues to mount in South Africa despite efforts to control the epidemic. This places an enormous financial, social and economic burden on government, health care providers, families and household as well as societies and communities. According to UNAIDS estimates in 2008, more than 33 million people are living with HIV, and approximately 2.7 million new infections arise every year. Of these 22.4 million people are living in sub Saharan Africa.

  3. Patlangs newsletter July 2011 English

    Sputum for Microscopy, Culture and Sensitivity (MC&S) is one of the commonest investigations processed by most microbiology laboratories. This is not surprising, since Lower Respiratory Tract Infection (LRTI) is a relatively common infectious disease suspected or encountered in clinical practice, and expectorated sputum has always seemed to be a logical choice as a diagnostic specimen, for obvious reasons: it is relatively easily obtainable, non-invasive and therefore procured without any risk to the patient.

  4. Patlangs newsletter October 2010

    The American Diabetes Association (ADA) published their most recent guidelines as a position statement* in Diabetes Care 33, S63, Supplement 1, January 2010. These guidelines are based on authoritative evaluation of the new standardized HbA1c methods and clinical studies to assess the diagnostic efficiency of HbA1c (a measure of either under- or over-diagnosing the condition).

  5. Patlangs newsletter May 2011

    Until recently most people believed that Vitamin D deficiency is uncommon and that enough sun exposure is sufficient for adequate Vitamin D status. Current data suggest that Vitamin D deficiency is actually very common in all age groups. Some people are at higher risk to develop Vitamin D deficiency than the general population e.g. low sun exposure (winter, institutionalized people, dark skin pigmentation, sunscreen use), obese individuals, patients on HIV or anti-epileptic medication, malabsorption due to bowel disease.

  6. Patlangs newsletter August 2011

    Each year, more than 200 000 women around the world are diagnosed with ovarian cancer.(1,3) It is the eighth most common cancer in women, with postmenopausal women at the greatest risk. Ovarian cancer has a good prognosis if detected during the early stages (and especially if treated by specialized gynaecologists) : women diagnosed in stages I – II have a 70% survival rate at 5 years, women diagnosed in stages III and IV have a 5 year survival rate of less than 30%.

  7. Patlangs newsletter June 2011

    It is common knowledge that only a small percentage (~15%) of chest pain patients present with a typical history, physical examination and ST-elevated ECG that is easily recognizable as an acute myocardial infarction (ST-Elevation MI or STEMI). Furthermore, as many as 50% of patients hospitalized for the evaluation of chest pain because of clinical uncertainty are eventually discharged with diagnosis other than acute coronary syndrome (ACS), while 2-5% of chest pain patients are inadvertently discharged with a missed diagnosis of Acute Myocardial Infarction (AMI).

  8. Patlangs newsletter March 2011

    Women on the African continent are afflicted by the scourge of cervical cancer which is a major cause of morbidity and mortality. In South Africa it probably affects 30 to 40 women/100 000. Cervical cancer ranks as the second most frequent cancer among women between the ages of 15 and 44 years in this country (after breast cancer). The WHO's latest statistics (September 2010) indicate that every year 5743 women in South Africa are diagnosed with this disease with 3027 dying from it.

  9. Patlangs newsletter January 2011

    Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the fifth most common cancer in men and the eighth most common cancer in women worldwide. It is also the third most common cause of cancer-related death, with 500 000 new cases diagnosed yearly.

  10. Patlangs newsletter Febuary 2011

    The growing incidence and severity of Clostridium difficile (CD) infection in inpatient and outpatient settings make it one of the leading causes of nosocomial infections.